Andy has been leading tours since 1993 throughout Brazil, Peru, Chile, Bolivia, Colombia, Argentina, Costa Rica, Panama, Europe, Israel, and Antarctica. An avid birder from an early age (thanks to his father), he became a licensed A bander/ringer at age 17. Andy is an all-round naturalist who immensely enjoys sharing his fascination and deep knowledge of birds, animals, orchids, and all aspects of nature in a fun way. Since 1982, Andy’s fascination with migration has seen him working around the world at bird observatories in Eilat, Israel; Sabah, Borneo; Long Point, Canada; and at two in Britain including the top UK bird observatory on Fair Isle, Scotland. Andy was born in England; however, he considers himself Brazilian, having lived for more than 30 years in this mega biodiverse country, first working for the Smithsonian Institution and studying Amazonian rainforest birds in Manaus. Andy is best known for his passionate and intimate knowledge of bird vocalizations and taxonomy, which has enabled him to discover several new species (such as the cryptic forest-falcon in 2003) and rediscover others thought to be extinct. Andy is a member of the Brazilian Records Committee, an associate researcher at the Museum Goeldi, and an active conservationist.