Dr. James Fitzsimons is Director of Conservation for The Nature Conservancy, Australia. James oversees conservation planning, science, implementation, and policy across all TNC projects throughout the country. Prior to joining TNC, James was a senior project officer with the Victorian Environmental Assessment Council where he developed recommendations for public land use along Australia’s largest river, the Murray. His work resulted in a proposed 250% increase in the reservation of river banks, floodplains, and wetlands. He also worked at the Victorian Department of Sustainability and Environment, where he was instrumental in selecting and purchasing endangered grasslands, grassy woodlands, and wetlands that were added to the National Reserve System—this significantly increased the reservation size of these important ecosystems in southeastern Australia. His Ph.D. research focused on the ecological, social, governance, and legal aspects of multi-tenure reserve networks—networks which sought to integrate the management of public and private conservation lands. He is the author of dozens of papers on practical conservation planning, protected area and land use policy, and legislation and wildlife ecology, and has co-edited four books: Innovation for 21st Century Conservation, Linking Australia’s Landscapes, Valuing Nature, and Big, Bold and Blue: Lessons from Australia’s Marine Protected Areas. James is an Adjunct Professor at Deakin University where he is involved in a number of research areas, including private land conservation, protected area policy, and investigating how birds interact with urban environments. With a strong commitment to conservation, James owns and conducts research on 400 acres of his own threatened box-ironbark woodland in southeastern Victoria. The land is also home to many threatened species, including squirrel glider, brush-tailed phascogale, hooded robin, and Euroa Guinea-flower.